ways to win. There are literally thousands of variations for any number of
sweeps or positions. With all of the possibilities you may feel overwhelmed at
times when it comes to trying to finish off an opponent.
The constant among all these variables is your body. Your body
will only allow you to move so many ways. With that in mind you can start to
hone in and isolate variables. Fortunately this can open up your game
offensively while at the same time giving you great defensive
Understand that for all technique there are only 12 main
points on the body that will lead to submission holds. These are areas that can
be submitted on a regular basis of patterned attack.
2 & 3. Shoulders
4 & 5. Elbows
6 & 7. Wrists
9 & 10. Knees
11 & 12. Ankles
Now that we have established the areas that can be 'locked'
let’s take a look at the 7 most common finishing holds of grappling. There are
several names that define the position of submission. These are often techniques
that define specific application angles and body positions. Even though there
are several techniques to getting to the finishing hold there are surprisingly
few actual finishes. Here they are:
1. Neck/Spine Crank: Application of pressure at acute angles to the vertebrae.
2. Choke: Closing off the wind pipe or closing off blood flow to the brain.
3. Should Lock: Hyperextension of the shoulder tendons/girdle as applied through bent arm as in Kimura, Americana and Omoplata.
4. Arm Lock: Hyperextension of the elbow joint.
5. Wrist Lock: Compression/hyper flexion or extension of the wrist)
6. Knee Lock: Hyperextension or application of pressure at acute angles to the knee joint.
7. Ankle/Foot Lock: Application of pressure at acute angles to the ankle joint through manipulation of the ankle and/or foot.
For all the various techniques available to submit an opponent
there are really only seven finishing holds that can be applied. As you are
training I invite you to study this further. Take a deeper look at your training
and determine which of these finishes applies to the technique you are
practicing. Use this information to build a solid understanding of the principle
underlying the submission you are attempting.
It will open up your game in new and exciting ways and it will
lead you to more fun and more success in your training.